regional brief

The EAC.

Regional Intergovernmental
Organisation.

The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Burundi with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.

The Treaty for Establishment of the East African Community was signed in 1999 and entered into force in 2000 following its ratification by the original three Partner States – Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

The Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Burundi acceded to the EAC Treaty became full Members of the Community with effect from 1 July 2007.

On economic performance, total aggregate output (at current prices) for the region amounted toUS$ 84.7 billion in 2011, compared to US$ 79.9 billion in 2009.Total per capita ranged from US$ 264 in Burundi to US$ 862.4 in Kenya. The dominant sector in all the partner states in2010 was agriculture, followed by wholesale and retail trade and manufacturing. The transport and communication sub-sector has consistently been improving its contribution to GDP.

Performance Indicators

On other macroeconomic performance indicators, the annual headline & underlying inflation rates was higher in all Partner States in 2011 compared to the previous year. The rising inflation was attributed to low agricultural production and high fuel prices recorded in 2011.

Continuity and Innovation in
TMEA Strategy 2:

Whilst improvements have been made in connecting Burundi to the region through the Northern and Central corridors, a supply response is lacking. In Strategy 2, TMEA will adopt a market-integrated approach to economic development to address this constraint. The programme will focus investment in high potential areas and offer a mechanism for supporting vulnerable groups should Burundi’s political situation deteriorate.

Women’s economic empowerment remains a key cross-cutting issue. In line with TMEA’s strategy on fragile and conflict countries, TMEA will deliver programming based on a short term, medium term and long-term approach.

In the short term, the programme will lean towards private sector driven projects. Over the medium term (second and third year of Strategy 2), and if the country’s governance record improves, the programme will re-engage with the Government and diversify its portfolio by investing in trade facilitation measures. A more optimistic programme is envisioned after year 3, where TMEA will upscale projects if the political and security situation allows. Programming is premised on the assumption that Burundi’s political situation will stabilise to allow for continued engagement. TMEA will adapt its programme to the conditions of fragile and conflictaffected states.

OUTCOME 1: REDUCING BARRIERS TO TRADE

Average time to transport goods along
key routes and nodes in the EATN

DETAILS EXPECTED RESULTS BY 2023

Complementary work for Kobero OSBP (including IBM) Improved efficiency of cross-border infrastructure at OSBP Kobero
Gatumba/Kavinvira OSBP (DRC/ UVIRA – including IBM) and the secondary border posts Improved efficiency of cross border infrastructure at Gatumba/Kavinvira and at 7 selected secondary border posts
Upgrade the Port of Rumonge Improved efficiency of port infrastructure at Rumonge.
Safety and navigation on Lake Tanganyika Improved efficiency of port infrastructure at Bujumbura and Rumonge

Improved trading standards

DETAILS EXPECTED RESULTS BY 2023

Elimination of Non-Tariff Barriers Improved effectiveness of mechanisms and institutional coordination to respond to elimination of NTBs affecting exports from and imports to Burundi.

OUTCOME 1: REDUCING BARRIERS TO TRADE

Time to transport goods along
key routes and nodes in the EATN

DETAILS EXPECTED RESULTS BY 2023

Complementary work for Kobero OSBP (including IBM) Improved efficiency of cross-border infrastructure at OSBP Kobero
Gatumba/Kavinvira OSBP (DRC/ UVIRA – including IBM) and the secondary border posts Improved efficiency of cross border infrastructure at Gatumba/Kavinvira and at 7 selected secondary border posts
Upgrade the Port of Rumonge Improved efficiency of port infrastructure at Rumonge.
Safety and navigation on Lake Tanganyika Improved efficiency of port infrastructure at Bujumbura and Rumonge

Improvised trading standards

DETAILS EXPECTED RESULTS BY 2023

Elimination of Non-Tariff Barriers Improved effectiveness of mechanisms and institutional coordination to respond to elimination of NTBs affecting exports from and imports to Burundi.

Enhanced Trade Environment

Procurement Processes

100 %

Procurement processes directed through sun systems

EAMS Reporting

50%

Percentage of key implementers reporting using EAMS.

SCT Implementation

03

Countries implementing Single Customs Territory – Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda.

Increased Physical Access to Markets

Where We Work Results To Date
Infrastructure development at Kobero on the border with Tanzania to support physical access to market
  • OSBP completed and handed over in July 2015
  • A 10% reduction in cross border clearance time already realized.

Enhanced Trade Environment

Where We Work Results To Date
Infrastructure development at Kobero on the border with Tanzania to support physical access to market
  • OSBP completed and handed over in July 2015
  • A 10% reduction in cross border clearance time already realized.

Improved Business Competiveness

Where We Work Results To Date
Infrastructure development at Kobero on the border with Tanzania to support physical access to market
  • OSBP completed and handed over in July 2015
  • A 10% reduction in cross border clearance time already realized.

Enhanced Trade Environment

Procurement Processes

100 %

Procurement processes directed through sun systems

EAMS Reporting

50%

Percentage of key implementers reporting using EAMS.

SCT Implementation

03

Countries implementing Single Customs Territory – Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda.

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Nos projets transforment l’Afrique de l’Est et centrale.

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