The Treaty for Establishment of the East African Community was signed in 1999 and entered into force in 2000 following its ratification by the original three Partner States – Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
On economic performance, total aggregate output (at current prices) for the region amounted toUS$ 84.7 billion in 2011, compared to US$ 79.9 billion in 2009.Total per capita ranged from US$ 264 in Burundi to US$ 862.4 in Kenya. The dominant sector in all the partner states in2010 was agriculture, followed by wholesale and retail trade and manufacturing. The transport and communication sub-sector has consistently been improving its contribution to GDP.
On other macroeconomic performance indicators, the annual headline and underlying inflation rates was higher in all Partner States in 2011 compared to the previous year. The rising inflation was attributed to low agricultural production and high fuel prices recorded in 2011.